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A C A D E M Y OF S C I E N C E S OF T H E U S S R

PALEONTOLOGICAL INSTITU TE

SCIENTIFIC COUNCIL ON TH E PROBLEM EVOLUTIONARY TREN D S

AND PA T T E R N S OF ANIMAL AND P L A N T ORGANISMS

S. I. S H U M E N K O

MESOZOIC

CALCAREOUS

NANNOPLANKTON

OF THE EUROPEAN

PART OF THE USSR

. .

56(116:591.524. .. . ., ", 1976. 136 .

, , . 183 , 4 . 61 12 , . .

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130. - . (E hrenberg, 1836) . , "" (Ehrenberg, 1854) . (Huxley, 1858) , " ". (Sorby, 1 8 6 1 ), (Wallich, 1877) . (Schmidt, 1870) . .

X IX (H aeckel, 1870; Wallich, 1877; Murray, B l a c k man, 1 8 9 8 ), , . (L ohm ann, 1902). , , . , (S chiller, 1930) - (L e c a l-S c h la u d e r, 1951).

, , , , . , , - , .

. , , (Deflandre, 1950, 1952 ), .

, . (, 1897) (Sujkowski, 1931) .

, -, . . .. (1886), , . , . , . (, 1948; , 1949) . . - (, 1954), . (, , 1956; , 1963, 1964; , , , 1967; , , 1967; , , 1973, 1974), ( , 1971), ( , 1972) - (., 1967).

. . (, 1956) (, , 1963). . , . 11. (1959, 19626).

. .. (1960).

. .. (1963). . - .. (1967, 1968,1969, 1972). .. .. (1967). . .. (1966, 1967). . . . . (D eflandre, 1959, 1963; D efla n d re in D eflandre e t F e r t, 1954 ), . (Gorka, 1957, 1 9 6 3 ), ( 1,1956), (C ara tin i, 1 9 6 3 ), (Stradner, 1961, 1962, 1963 1 9 6 4 ), - (Martini, 1 9 6 1 ), (Stover, 1966). . (B ram lette, Martini, 1964), .

, () . , , , .

- . 50- ( B r a a r u d, Nordi, 1952; Braarud et a l., 1952; D efla n d re, F e r t, 1952, 1 9 5 3 a, 6, 1954; H a lld a l, Markali, 1954) " ", ^ (" " ). , , , .. (1959). , , , .

- . (Downie, Honey

combe, 1956; D efland re, D urrieu, 195 7).

(B la ck, B a rn e s, 1959, 1961; , 1962;

H ay, T o w e, 1962; K amptner, 1963; C ohen, 1964; N o e l, 1964; Reinhardt, 1 964).

. . . (Noel, 19656), (R einhardt, 1966), . (Stradner, Adamiker, Maresch, 1968) ( T h i e r s te in, 1 9 7 3 ), ( , ) (Gartner, 1968;

Bukry, 1 9 6 9 ), ( P e r c h - N i e l s e n, 1 9 6 8 ), (Manivit, 1971).

(, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1968, 19686, 1969, 19696, 1969, 1969, 1969, 1969, 1969, 1970, 19706, 1970, 1971, 19716, 19746; , 1971; , 1971; , 1971, 1974), (, , 1, 1971), (, 1974), (, , 1973, 1974 ,) (, , 1967; , 1969).

. (Forchheim er, 1968, 1 9 7 0 ). , , , , . () , , , . (Forchheimer, 1968, 1970; 1972, Noel, 1970; Manivit, 1971; , 1969;

, 19716 .) , , .

. , .

, 4 40 . . - (.1), . , . . - , . (Ise n b erg et a l., 1966; Wilbur, Watabe, 1963) , , , . , . " " , (.2). , (.), (.4,5, . I, . 1).

(Wilbur, Watabe, 1963; Hart et a l., 1965).

(B la c k, 1968), 200 1. H ym enom onas (, 1954). , .

( 5 0 -2 0 0 ), 5000 (Bernard, 1963), . (P a rk e, A dam s, 1960) C r y sta llo lith u s h ya lin u s . , , . , (, . 4), ' " ", , - . & , . , . , , C r y s ta l lo lith u s hya lin u s C o c c o lith u s p e l a g i c u s, . (Bernard, 1963), C o c c o lith u s h u x l e y i . . ( ., 1953). : 4 16 , . , , 4 64 , - ( , 1969). . ^ , .

. 2. H e lla dosphaera s t r i g i l i s (Gaard) ( 5700) . Q . . .: G ephyrocapsa o ce a n ic a, E miliania h u x l e y i ( ! 6500) . ( C l o c c h ia tt i, 1971) . - ( B o r s e tti e t C a ti, 1972) . 5. Braarudosphaera big e lo w i (Gran, e t B r a a r. ) ( x 3300) . ( B o r s e tti e t C a ti, 1972 ).

, . 800 50 . (, 19696). , , , 3 . 1 . ( 35 . 1 ), (Bernard, 1963). 115 . 1 (B irk en e s, Braarud, 1952; Berge, 1962).

, , . (Me Intyre, B e, 1967), - (, 19696). : T e tra lith u s murus, , N ephrolithus fre q u e n s, (Worsley, Martini, 1970). 1 8 - 2 8 , (C occolithus p e la g ic u s ) 5 - 1 4 . ( 35 / ).

, 25 38 / , -(5, 1930). . 75 , - 23 ( - , , 1957). ; (Bernard, 1957) C o c c o lith u s fragilis , , , , . , - ( B u r s a, 1965, 1971). M arthasterites, , , . ( B u rsa, 1971) , , ^ . Dinoasteromonas D in o a s te r o m o n a d a c e a e.

- () . , , , , ( , , ..). 1-10 . (. I, . 1), .

, ( ). . , , - . , , (, ). , . , , (, ). ( ) . - , , . , ( ), , . " " ().

. , , ( F a rin a c c i, 1971).

() ( .6, . II, . 1, 2) , , , , , .

. , ^ ( ) , , (. X, . 3, 4 ) , .

. 6. () 3 - . (); : 1 - , 4 7. - : 1 , 2 - , 3 , 4 - (), 5 - , 6 - ; - : 1 - , 2 , 3 - , 4 , 5 , 6 ; - . 8. . :. 1 , 2 , 3 - 2 - (.) , 4 , 5 1- ., 6 , 7 ; : 1 - , 2 - , 3 - , 4 - . 9. - : 1 , 2 - , 3 , , 4 , 5 , 6 - ( ), 7 , 8 ; : 1 ,, 2 , 3 . 10. . 11. . ( . X, . 6 - 8 ) - , , .

(. 7, . X I, . 6, 7) , . .

(. 8, . XVII, . 3) - (), , , , . ( .4).

, ; , , .

(. 10, . XXVII, . 2) - (. 5).

, .

.

(. XXV, . 1-9) - , , , .

(. 11, . XXVII, . 1) ; ; .

. , (Martini, 1970) (Martini, Worsley, 1970). ,.'' . , , . , , , ., , . - , , , Kam ptnerius m agnificus Def-1. (Cepek, , 1969) (Manivit, 1971) ( T h ie r ste in, 1971, 1973). , - , , , (1972), - . , - , . .1 , , , , * .

- . W atznaueria communis R einh. V/atznaueria britannica (Strad.), W. d efla n d re i (Noel), C r u c ie llip s is c u v e l lie r i T h ie r., T ergestiella margereli (Noel), B is c u tu m dubium (Noel), Z y g o d is c u s er ec tu s (Defl.), Cretarhabdus s c h izo b ra c h ia tu s (Gartner), Ethmorhabdus aspe r (Strad.), Podorhabdus cy lin dratus Noel, D iscorhabdus patulus (Defl.), Corollithion d erosu m L u l j., Stepha nolithion bigoti Defl., Sca p h o lith u s sp. S. bigoti , .

, , . , , , 25 . B ro in sonia erratica (Stover), Podorhabdus d ie tz m a n n i (Reinh.), S ta u ro lith ite s crux (Defl.

et Fert), P arhabdolithus s p le n d e n s (Defl.) .

. ' ; 40 . :

Parhabdolithus em bergeri (Noel), P. a n g u stu s (Strad.), S ta u ro lith ite s m atalosus (Sto ver), Corollithion rhombicum (Strad. et Adam.), C. signum St.r., B isc u tu m c o n s ta n s (Gdrka), Podorhabdus g o r k a e f lein., D iscorhabdus ignotus (Gdrka), T rem a lithus parvidentatus (Defl. et F ert), L ith a s tr in u s floralis Strad. .

, , Cribrosphaerella ehrenbergi (Ark.), .

: Microrhabdulus decoratus Defl., P re d isc o sp h a e ra c r e ta c e a (Ark.) ( , . ), P. propinqua (Gdrka), A h m uelerella octoradiata (Gdrka), Z y g o d i s c u s acan th us (Reinh.), Z. diplogrammus (Defl.), Z.b u sso n i (Noel), Z. variatus (Caratini), E iff e l l i t h u s tu r r ise iffe li (Defl.), M arthasterites inconspicuus Defl., Kam ptnerius m a g nific us Defl. .

, Watznaueria barnesae (Black), Microrhabdulus decoratus Defl., Kam ptnerius m agnificus Defl., L ith a strinus floralis Strad. B ro in so n ia enormis (Shum.), B. b evieri (Bukry), B. d istin c ta (Shum.), Gartnerago obliquiim (Strad.), L ith a s tr in u s grilli Str., Cretarhabdus surirellus (Defl. et F ert).

Micula staurophora ( G a r t. ), Cribrosphaerella ehrenbergi (Ark.), P red isco sp h a e ra cre ta c e a (Ark.) Marthas te rite s furcatus (Defl.). Z y g o d is c u s s p i s s u s (Shum.), C repidolithus rim osus Shum. , , (1972), .

. : T e tra lith u s nitid u s Mart., . parvulus Shum. A h m u ele rella mirabilis (P e rc h ), Cribrosphaerella a rk h a n g e lsk ii (Shum.), S ta u ro lith ite s bochotnicae (Gdrka). V/atznaueria, W. barnesae (B lack.), P rediscosp hae ra. V!atznaueria . , .

: A r k h a n g e ls k ie lla cym biform is Veks., B ro inso nia bev ie ri Bukry, Cribrosphaerella ehrenbergi (Ark.), Micula stauro phora (Gard.). B roinsonia parea A r k h a n g e ls k ie lla sp e c illa ta Veks., T e tr a lith u s ? a cu leu s (Strad.).

A. s p e c illa ta, Micula staurophora (Gard.), . P red isco sp h a e ra cre tacea (Ark.), . a rk h a n g e lsk ii (Shum.), K am ptnerius m agnificus Defl. L ith ra p h id ite s quadratus Bram. e t Mart. W atznaueria barnesae IV. biporta W. britannic a IV c om m unis IV. d e n ta ta praetexla W. sp.

T ergesliella margereli T. re inha rdtii Morkalus n ils e n a e S. horticu s B is c u t u m constans B. dubium B. pae n epe lagic u m B. perforatum D- pulch er A. specillata B ro in so n ia b e vieri B. erralica B. parc a Garlnerago c o sta tu m G. obliquum Kam ptn eriu s m a g n ific u s D i s c o litin a ha llii

Cribrosp haerella a r k h a n g e ls k ii C. ehrenbergi . p e lla N e p h ro lith u s freq uens Z. cheIm iensis Z. diplogrammus Z. e le ga ns Z. erectus Z. fibuliformis.

Z. lobatulus *Z. variatu s R e in h a r d tile s anthophorus C. litterarius , p ropagulis C. tra b e culatu s E iffellith u s exim ius E. t u rrise iffe li Sta u ro lith ite s bo cho tnicae S. crux S. minimus R. parvus P. disseptus P. embergeri P. m inim us P. splendens C. rim o s u s A h m u e lle r e lla granulata A. m ira h ilis A. octo radiata Crelarhabdus a c ti n o s u s C. a n g lic u s C. c re n u la tu s C. s urirellus P odorhabdus c y lindratus P. granulatus P. n o e lii Bip odorhabdus roeglii E thm orhabdus asper P., pro p in q u a P. so lid a P. sloveri Microrhabdulus a tte n u a lu s M. stradneri M. virg atu s M icrorhahdulihus am biguus L. q uadralus Step h a n o lith io n achylosu m S. biarcus S. sp..

L. g rilli Corollith ion derosum C., exig uum . rhom bicum.

C. signum C, Iransccrsum B raarudosphaera bigelow i Micrantholilhus fa rn ica tu s M. sp.

T. crux T. murus T. n itid u s T. obscurus T. p a rv u lus T. pyram idu s T. quadra tus T. sp.

Micuia staurophora M a rtha ste rite s fu rc atus M. te n u is S. sp.

C y c l o l it h u s sultilis D. ign otu s D. p a lu lu s Granorhabdus p o ly g o n a lis N. spicatum N. sp.

, T e tra lith u s murus Mart.

, , , : C o c c o lith u s cav us Hay et Mohler, . su b p e rtu su s (Hay e t Mohler), P r in s iu s martinii (P e rc h ), Cruciplacolithus tenuis (Strad.), C h ia sm o lith u s d anicu s (B ro t.), . C ruciplacolithus tenuis , C h ia sm o lith u s danicus - , / E l l i p s o lith u s m a ce llu s (Bram. et Sull.), . , , (, , 1971; , 1971; , 1973) , , (Manivit, 1971), , (Bram lette, Martini, 1964; P e r c h ie lse n, 1972a, 19726; Bukry, 1971; P e r c h N ie lse n, Pomerol, 1973).

Uarkalius astroporus (Hay, Mohler, 1967).

, (Manivit, 1971), .

. , .

(, 1962; , , 1968; ., 1971 ) 3. , , . . , .. (1956) .

. .. (1886) .. (1912), .. (1954). , ;, .

, (, 1970, 1971), , , * (, , 1968) , .

, . , , , ., .

. , , ( , , 1971). , (, 1972). , - .

, , , , . . , ^, , , , . , . , . - , , , . , , . , , , , . , . .

(Bursa, 1965, 1971).

CO C CO LITH A CEA E KAMPTNER,

. (), . .

c o lith u s Schw arz, 1894; C r u c ie llip s is T h i e r s t e i n, 1971; C rucip la c o lith u s Hey et.Mohler, 1967; C y c lo c o c c o lith u s Kamptner, 1958; D ia zo m a to lith u s Noel, 1965; Man iv ite l la T h ie r s t e in, 1971; Markalius B ram lette e t Martini, 1964; P rin siu s Hay et Moh Mohler, 1967; T rem alithus Kamptner ex D eflandre, 1952; Watznaueria R einhardt, 1964.

.

C o lvillea : B la c k, 1964, p. 310, non B ojer e x Hooker, 1934.

Watznaueria: Reinhardt, 1964, . 753.

A c tinosp haera: Noel, 1965a, . 9.

. . . . .

: W.barnesae B la c k, 1959; W. biporta Bukry, 1959; W.bisepta Shumenko, 1974; W.britannica Stradner, 1963; W.communis R einhardt, 1964; W.'defland rei N oel, 1965; W.dentata Shumenko, 1969; W.hilli B la c k, 1964; W.m attelae Noel, 1965; W.praetexta C a ra tin i, 1963.

. T e r g e s t i e l l a C occolithophora p e la g ic a W^llich, 1877: , 1912, . 410, . VI, . , . 12; , 1967, . 96, . III, . 32.

C occolithus barnesae: Bram lette e t Martini, 1964, . 298; , 1968a, . 36, . II, . 3 - 7, 1971, . 75, . X, . 1-4.

Watznaueria barnesae: P e r c h N ie l s e n, 1968, . 69, . 32, . XXII, . 1 -7, . XXIII, . 1, 4, 5, 1 6 ; , 19746, . 336, . C X V.-. 1,5, 6, . CXVI, . 1-3.

). - . , . , - , , , , - , , , , , - , , . ( ), .

- 1-1 ( . II, . 4), , ., ; 1-2 (. II, . 5), .

C o c colithus britannicus: Stradner, 1963, . 10, . I, . 7.

Watznaueria britannica: R e in h a rd t, 1964, . 753, . 5, . II, . 3.

E llip sa g elo s p h a era lucasi: N oel, 1965, . 8, . 4 0 - 4 1 ; Noel, 19656, C o c colithus lucasi: , , , 1971, . 1035, . .

. , - , . - , , , , .

Watznaueria com m unis: R e in h a rd t, 1964, . 756, . 6, . II, . 5.

C occolithus frequens: , , , 1971, . 1095, ., .

. , . , , - , , .

^ (, 1962, . 472, . 1).

A ctin o sp h a e r a deflandrei: N oel, 1965a, . 9, . 43, 44; 19656, ct'p. 133-135, C o c c o lith u s coronatus: Gartner, 1968, . 17, . X X II I, . 27, 28.

26.

W atznaueria deflandrei: R ein h a rd t, 1971, . 35, . 40, 41; , 19746, . , - , - . - , - .

C o c c o lith u s d en ta tu s: , 1971, . 77, . XV, . 2.

F avocentrum hilli: B la c k, 1964, . 314, . L III,. 3 - 4.

C o c co lith u s hilli: , 1971a, . 77, . X, . 9.

. ; . , .

E llip tic o lith i te s pra e tex tu s: C a ra tin i, 1963, . 35, . Ill, . 49, 50.

C y c l o lith u s gronosus: Stover, 1966, . 140, 141, . I, . 1 - 3, . VIII, . 1; , 1967, . 96, . IV, . 47.

C o c c o lith u s p ra etextus: , 1971, . 79, . X, . 8.

. .

T e rg e stie lla : Kamptner, 1941, . 94.

C y clagelo spha e ra : Noel, 1965a, . 8.

. . . . , .

. . adriatica Kamptner, 1941, . margereli (No6 l, 1965); . reinhardtii ( P e r c h ie lse n, 1968); . ro ta c ly p e ata (Bukry, 1969).

. , V/atznaueria, .

T e r g e s tie lla barnesae (Black): R einhardt, 1964, . 753, . 4, . II, . 2.

C y cla g elo sp h a e ra margereli: N oel, 1965a, . 8, .4548; 19656, . 130, .

4 4-46, . XVII, . 4 . XVIII, . 1, 2, . XX, . 2 - 4.

G o c c o lith ite s circumradiatus: Stover, 1966, . 138, -V, . 2 . IX, . 1 0.

.T e r g e s tie lla margereli: , 1969, . 69, . I, . 3; 19746, . 335, . CXV, . 2 - 4.

, , - , , . , - , , .

Marcalius reinhardtii: P e r c h ie ls e n, 1968, . 76, . 38, . XXIII, . 6 .

S im ilicoronilithus primus: Bukry, 1969, . 31, . IX, . 11.

. - . , , .

C y cla g elo sp h a e ra rotaclypeata: Bukry, 1969,. . 30, . IX, . 7 - 8.

. . .

. . , . . , .

.

. C ru cip la c o lith u s , T e r g e s t i e l l a arkalius .

. 813.

, , .

- , , .

M.inversus (D eflandre, 1954) B ram lette e t Martini, 1964; (=Cyc lo c o c c o li th u s astroporus S tradner, 1963); .

. , . , . , . .

, , , ; M.h ie lse n a e s p. nov.

, .

] .

, , , .

. ), .

G o cco sph aera: Wallich, 1877, . 348.

G yathosphaera: H a e c k e l, 1894, . 111.

, 1959, . 72; , 1963, " ", . 157;

R e inhardt, 1970, . 27, , 1975, . 127.

. 11.

: " Marcalius cpelagicus (Wallich, 1877) S ch iller, 1930 (=.ocea nicus Schwarz, 1894); .

. . , , . , . , , . . , .

. 100 . ; C.c a v u s Hay e t Mohler, 1967, C.s u b p e r tu s u s (Hay et Mohler,1967).

. , Vi atznaueria, .

C o c co lith u s c a v u s: Hay et Mohler, 1967, . 1524, . CXCV1, . 13, . CXCVI1, . 5, 7, 10, 12.

. , , , , .

Markalius in v ersu s (Deflandre): B ram lette, Martini, 1964, . 302, . VII, Ericsonia subpertusa: Hay et Mohler, 1967, . 1531, . CXCVIII, . 1 1,1 5, 18, . CXCIX, . 1 - 3.

.. V, . 5.

C o c colithu s su b p e rtu su s: , 1975, . 129, . XIX . 6.

. , , .

P r in s i u s : Hay, Mohler, 1967, . 1529; Hag, 1971a, . 17; P e rc h -N ie ls e n, 1971a, . 960; Shumenko, 1975, . 130.

P. b is c u lc u s (Stradner, 1963), Hag, Mohler, 1967; .

. , . . () .

. , . .

, , , ; P. d im orfosus ( P e r c h - N i e l s e n, 1 9 6 9 ); Ы tinii ( P e r c h - N i e l s e n, 1 9 6 9 ); * m in u tu s Hag-, 1971, . ; P. h e s s la n d ii (Haq, 1 9 7 1 ), . .

. ., , , .

B is c u tu m ? dim orphosum : P e r c h - N i e ls e n, 1969, . 318, . 1, . 32, . 1 , 4.

P rin siu s d im orp hosu s: P e r c h - N i e ls e n, 1971a, . 961, . 15.

. - .

; ric so n ia ? martinii: P e r c h - N i e ls e n, 1969a, . 324, . 2, . XXXII, P r in s tu s m a rtinii: Haq, 1971a, . 18, . V, . 1, 5 7, 10, ? 2, 3.

. - .

S o lla s ite s : B lac k, 1967, . 144; Manivit, 1971, . 117 ; Rood, Hay, Barnard, 1971, . 263.

C ostacentrum : Bukry, 1969, . 44.

Adamiker, Maresch, 1966), ..

. . . , . ( .

. S. c o n c e n tric u s Rood, Hay, Barnard, 1971, 5. bip olaris Rood, H ay, Barnard, 1971, ; S. crucifer Shumenko, 1974, S.

horticus (Stradner, Adamiker, M aresch, 1966); S. lo w ei (Bukry, 1969), R einhardt, 1971, , .

. C o c c o lith u s horticus Stradner, Adamiker, M aresch: Stradner, Adamiker, 1966, . 337, 338, . 1, 2 , .. II, . 4; , 1971, . 77, .. XI, . 1.

S o lla s ite s h o rtic u s; C epek, Hay, 1969, . 325, . 2(8); , Costacentrum horticum: Bukry, 1969, . 44, . XXI, . 12, . XXII, . 14.

. . , ., , , .

C ruciplacolithus: H ay, Mohler in Hay, Mohler, Roth, Schmidt, Boudreaux, 1967, . 446; P e r c h i e l s e n, 1969, . 323:

1971, . 118.

- .

. , . , .

. tarquinius Roth, 1967, ; . te n u is (Stradner, 1961).

, , .

Heliorthus te nuis: Stradner, 1961, . 84, . 64, 65.

C occolithus h elis: Stradner in Gohrbandt, 1963, . 74, . VIII, . 16, .

IX, . 1, 2.

C ruciplacolithus te n u is: Hay, Mohler in Hay, Mohler, R oth, Schmidt, Boudreaux, 1967, . 446.

. - , , , .

C hiasm olithus: Hay, Mohler, Wade, 1966, .388; P e r c h - N i e l s e n, 1969a, .321;

19696, . 58; G artne r, 1970, . 930; Manivit, 1971, . 118.

T rem a lith u s oam a ruensis D eflandre, 1954; .

. , . .;

, - ( ) . , X .

: . c o n s u e tu s (Bramlette e t Sullivan, 1961), Hay e t Mohler, 1967, , . ; . da n ic u s (Brotzen, 1959).

. X .

Cribrosphaerella d anica B rotzen, 1959, . 25, .9, non 3 6.

C h ia sm o lith u s d a n i c u s : H a y.e t Mohler, 1967, . 1526, .1, . 16, 21, 22, . CXCVIII, . 8, 12, 13.

. . - , , , .

T r e m a lith u s : Kamptner, 1948, . ( . 34 ).

T rem alithus: Kamptner, D eflandre in P jv e te a u, 1952, . 111.

R e tic u lo fe n e stra : Hay, Mohler, Wade, 1966, . 386.

Apertaperta: Hay, Mohler, Wade, 19.66, . 387.

Stradnerius Haq, 1968, . 31.

- T. placomorphus K am ptner, D eflandre, 1952, .

. .

, . , .

: . parv id en ta tu s (Deflandre e t F ert, 1954).

.

D is c o lith u s parvid entatus: D eflandre e t. F e r t, 1954, . 143, . 28, 29.

C o c c o lith u s parvidentatus: R e inhardt, 1966, . 20, 21, . XX, . 1,2; T rem a lith u s parvidentatus: R e in h a rd t, 1971, . 51, .29, 30; , 19746, . , , .

B iscutum : B lac k in B l a c k, B a r n e s, 1959, . 325; B lac k, 1967, . 139; Gartner, 1968,. . 18; P e r c h - N i e l s e n, 1968, . 77; Bukry, 1969, . 27; R einhardt, 1970a, .17; Noel, 1970, . 90; Manivit, 1971, . 113; F orchheim er, 1972, .32.

- . testud inarium B lack, 1969 = . c o n s ta n s (Gorka, 1957).

. , , . ^ , .

. . asym m etricum P e r c h N ie lse n, 1968, ;

. b la c k i G artner, 1968, , - ; . c o n s ta n s (Gorka, 1957); . dubium (Noel); . k e n n e d y i Bukry, 1970; ; . multiforme Bukry, 1969, ; . paenepelagicum (Stover, 1966); . per foratum (Shumenko).

.

D isc o lith u s co n s ta n s: G orka, 1957, . 279, .IV, .7.

B isc u tu m testudinarium: B l a c k in B la c k, B a rn e s, 1959, . 3 2 5, . X, . 1.

B isc u tu m c o n s ta n s: B lack, 1967, . 139; , 19746, . 344, . , . 3.

C alyptrolithus tectiform a ( R e i n h a r d t) : , 19706, . 74, . II, . 1;

. , . - .

Paleoponto sph aera dubia: N oel, 1965a, .4, .8 ; 19656, . 76, . . , . , , .

C occolithus p a en e p ela g icu s: Stover, 1966, . 139, . I, . 10, 11, . Ill, .22* .VIII, . 5; , 1971, . 78, . X V, . 5.

Watznaueria p a ene p elagica : B ukry, 1969, . 33, . X I I, .1, 2, 3, 4; C o c c o lith ite s ornatus: , 1969, . 23, .2.

- , .

- , , - .

B iscutum perforatum (Shumenko, 1969) comb. nov.

Discorhabdus perforatus: , 19696, . 11, . II, . 6 ; 1971, .

Biscutum b la c k i Gartner: Forchheim er, 1972, . 52, . VIII, . 2, ? 4, .

IX, .5.

. - , . .

Discorhabdus s p a tio su s: , 19696, . 10, . II, . 5; 1971, . 104, .XIX, . 10; 19746, . 353, . 1, .1.

Diazomatolithus: N oel, 1965a, . 5; Nodi, 19656, . 96; R e in h a rd t, 19706, .

57; Thierstein, 1971, . 479.

3 . . , . , .

. D. le hm ani Noe'I, 1965; D. pulcher (Shumenko, 1969).

, .

C y c lo lith u s pulcher: , 19696, . 11, . II, . 7; 1971, . 8 8, . XI V, . 10.

.

A RK H AN G E LSK IEL L A CE A E BUKRY,

. , - . Bukry, 1969; K am ptnerius D eflandre, 1959.

.

A r k h a n g e lsk ie lla : , 1959, . 6 6 ; Stradner, 1963, . 10; Bramlette, Martini, 1964, . 297; Reinharclt, 1964, . 752; L966, . 32; 1970a, . 14; Stover, 1966, . 137; , 1967, . 95; G artner, 1968, . 37; , 1968, .

33; 9 6 9 ,. .70; 1971, . 79; 19746, . 338; Bukry, 1969, . 20; Manivit, 1971, . 103.

A. cym biform is V e k s c h in a, 1959; - .

. , , . , 1959.

.

A r k h a n g e ls k ie lla cym biform is: , 1959, . 6 6, 67, . II, . 4; Bukry;, 19746, . 339, . , . 2, non 1; Manivit, 1971, . 103, . , .

8 - 11.

. ^ . , , , - , , , . (?), .

A r k h a n g e ls k ie lla s p e c illa ta : , 1969, . 67, .I, .2, .II, ..

A r k h a n g e ls k ie lla vym biform is: B ram lette e t Martini, 1964, . 297, . I, . 3-4* non 5 - 9 ; , 1968, . I l l, . I, . 1,2; , 1971, . 80, . XI, . 6, 7, 8 ; 19746, . 339, . CXVII, . 1, 2, . , . .

Broinsonia: Bukry, 1969; . 21; N oel, 1970, . 75; R ein h a rd t, 1970a, . 23;

Manivit, 1971, . 104, Forchheim er, 1972, . 24.

. ( ) . .

. . , .

. . b e v ie ri Bukry, 1969; . c l i v p s a (Shumenko, 1969); B.d e n tpta Bukry, 1969, ; : d is t in c t a (Shumenko, 1968), . enormis (Shumenko, 1968), B. erratica (Stover, 1966), B. ethmoquadrata Bukry, 1969, ; B.f u r tiva Bukry, 1969, ; . o rth oc ance llata Bukry, 1969, B. parca (Stradner, 1963), B. s ta y to n a e Bukry, 1969, ; . h a n d fie ld ii Bukry, 1969.

A rkhangelskiella, , .

Broinsonia bevieri: Bukry, 1969, . 21, . I, . 8, 10, 12, non 9, 11.

A rkh a n g e lsk ie lla verrucosa: , 1969a, . 5, . I, . 4, 5.

A rkh a n g e lsk iella bevieri: , 1971a, . 80, . XII, . 5, 6 ; 19746, .

^ .

. - , , .

A r k h a n g e ls k ie l la emormis: , 1968, .1, .1,. 2, 3.

B ro in so n ia bevieri: Bukry, 1969, . 21, . I, . 9, 11, 8, 10, 12.

B ro in so n ia d istin c ta : R einhardt, 1970, . 23, . 42.

B ro in so n ia se g m e n ta ta (Stover, 1966): Hoffmann, V etter, 1971, . 1186, . X, . 1 - 3..

, .

A r k h a n g e ls k ie l la enormis: , 1968a, . 33, . I, .2, 3, non 1; 1969, B ro in so n ia enormis (Shumenko, 1968): Manivit, 1971, . 105, . I, . 18-20;

T h ie r s t e in, 1973, . 35.

- , . , , .

. , .

B ro in so n ia h andfieldii: Bukry, 1969, . 22, . I I, . 911.

B ro in so n ia ? orthocancellata: Bukry, 1969, . 23, . II, . 1 2, .,.1, B roinsonia parca (Stradner, 1963) Bukry, A r k h a n g e ls k ie lla parca: Stradner, 1963, . 10, . I, . 3.

B roinsonia parca: Bukry, 1969, . 23, . Ill, . 3 non 810. 7, . . - - , (?) , - .

Gartnerago: Bukry, 1969, . 24; Noel, 1970, . 79; Manivit, 1970, . 106;

Forchheimer, 1972, . 26.

L a ffittiu s: Noel, 1969, . 107.

. , 4 , 3 4 1 2* - . , , .

. G. c o s ta tu m (Gartner, 1968); G. obliquum (Stradner, 1963);

G. Zipperum Bukry, 1969, .

, Kam ptnerius .

A rk h a n g e ls k ie lla obliqua Stradner: Hay, 1966, . 22, ..

A r k h a n g e lsk ie lla costata: G artner, 1968, . 37, . VIII, . 1 . XI, . 1, . XXVIII, . 2.

Gartnerago co s ta tu m costatum : Bukry, 1969, . 24, . IV, .4 9.

. - , .

- , - .

Gartnerago obliquum (Stradner, 1963) Noel, A r k h a n g e lsk ie lla obliqua: Stradner, 1963, . 10, . I, . 2.

D isc o lith u s s e g m e n ta tu s Stover, 1966, . 143, . Ill, . , . VIII, . 19.

Gartnerago o b l i q u u s ( Reinhardt)^ : N oel, 1970, . 79, . 19, 20, . XXVI, .1 - 7 ; Manivit, 1971, . 106, . II, .9 12.

A r k h a n g e lsk ie lla cymbiformis: , 1969, . 70, .1, .6.

A rkh a n g e lsk ie lla parca: , 1969, . 70, . , . 7; 1971, . 81, A r k h a n g e lsk ie lla cf. obliqua (Stradner): , 1971a, . 81, . XII, . 2.

- . - , - , - , , , .

Noel : G. o bliqu us (R ein h ard t), .

Kamptnerius: D eflandre, 1959, . 135; R einhardt, 1966, . 22; Stover, 1966, .144;. , 1967, . 96; P e r c h - N i e l s e n, 1968, . 41; G artner, 1968, . Bukry, 1 9 69,. . 25; , 19706, . 73; 1971, . 87; 19746, . 344; N oel, 1970, . 81; Manivit, 1971, . 107; Forchheim er, 1972, . 30.

- . m a g n ific u s D eflandre, 1959, , , .

. .

. , .

. p e r c iv a lii Bukry, 1969, .

. Gartnerago .

Kam ptnerius m agnificus: D eflandre, 1959, . 135, . I, .1 4; , 1967, . 96, . 50; , 19706, . 73, .1, . 8 ; 1971, . 87, .X I V, .7; 19746, . 344, . CXXIV, . 1.

K am ptnerius punctatus: Stradner, 1963, . 11, . II, . 3.

, , , - , - , - .

SYR A C O SPH A E RA C EA E LEMMERMANN, 1908, EMEND.

. , . , .

. Syracospha era Lohmann, 1902; C alyptrosphaera Lohmann, 1902; Discolithina L oeblich et T ap p a n, 1963; E lli p s o lith u s S u lliv a n, 1964; Cribrosphaerella Def landre, 1952; N ephrolithus Gorka, 1957.

A rk h a n g e ls k ie lla c e a e .

D isc o lith u s: K a m p tn e r, 1948, . 3 ( . 34 41 ).

D is c o lith i n a ; L o e b l ic h, T a p p a n, 1963, . 192; Gartner, 1968, . 36; Bukry, 1969, . 45.

et T ap p a n, 1963; .

. . . . .

. , ( 200), . : D. furlo n g ii Bukry, 1969, ;

D. h a llii Bukry, 1969; D. porosuturalis Bukry, 1969, .

, Cribrosphaerella N eph rolithu s , .

D isc o lith in a ? hallii-. Bukry, 1969, . 46, . XXIV, . 2 4.

Di$colithus squa m eu s: , 19696, . 6, . I, . 9.

Discolithus hallii (Burky): , 1971, . 85, . XIII, . 12, 13.

- . .

E l l i p s o lith u s : Su llivan, 1964, . 184; Roth, Hay, 1967 in Hay, Mohler, Roth, Schmidt, Boudreaux, . 446; Hay, Mohler, 1967, . 1530; Bukry, Percival, 1971, . 1 3 1.

.

. , , $ .

van, 1964, - , ; . m a c e llu s (B ram lette, Sullivan, 1961); . s u b d is tic h u s Roth, H ay, 1967, . ;. la jo lla en sis Bukry, Percival, 1971, , .

. D is c o l i t h i n a, Cribrosphaerella N ephrolithus , .

C o c c o lith ite s macellus-. Bram lette et Sulliv an, 1961, . 152, . VII, .

11 - 13.

E lli p s o lith u s macellus-. Sullivan, 1964, . 184, . V, . 3.

, , - .

Cribrosphaera-. , 1912, . 41 h; Bukry, 1969, . 44; Noel, 1970, . 69; Manivit, 1971, . 107.

C ribrosphaerella : D eflandre in P i v e t e a u, 1952, . 116; Gorka, 1957, . 260;

, 1959, . 70; Stradner, 1963, . 12; R einhardt, 1966, . 28-; Gartner, 1968, . 40; P e r c h - N i e ls e n, 1968, . 52; P ie n a a r, 1969, . 92-; , 1971, . 85.

Favocentrum: B la c k, 1964, . 313.

C r e ta d is c u s : G artner, 1968, . 36.

.

. , . . " ", .

k h a n g e lsk y, 1912); . p elta G artner, 1968.

, . D is c o lith in a E lli p s o lith u s " " ,.

C o c c o lith u s a rkh angelskii: , 1962, . 472, . l a.

Cribrosphaerella: a rk h a n g e lsk ii (Shumenko); R ein h a rd t e t Gorka, 1967, . 244;

, 1971a, . 8 6, . XIV, . 4; 19746, . 343, . CXXII, . 6.

Cribrosphaera laughtoni (B lack): Bukry, 1969, . 45, . XXIII, . 1 - 9.

Cribrosphaera a rk h a n g e lsk ii (Shumenko): Hoffmann, 1972, . 56, . 25, 26, . XV, . 3, 4.



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